Dictionary of terms

We use a number of terms and designations to describe products in the shop, with the main aim of helping you to understand the product description in as much detail as possible. The following list attempts to explain some of these terms.

1. Product category name:

Precious stones are rare and beautifully coloured minerals prized for their use in jewellery and decorative objects. These stones are known not only for their aesthetic qualities but also for their symbolism and semi-precious properties. The four minerals that are considered to belong to the category of precious stones are: Diamond, ruby, sapphire and emerald.

Semi-precious stones are a popular name used by the general public for certain categories of minerals or organic materials with aesthetic and decorative characteristics but which are not classified as diamonds, rubies, sapphires or emeralds. Their correct name, as recorded in the nomenclature, is 'fine stones'. They are often used in jewellery and decorative objects, offering a variety of colours and textures.

Pearls are organic materials formed inside shells and other molluscs. They are formed when an irritant, such as a grain of sand, enters the shell and the molluscs secrete layers of nacre around it to protect themselves. Natural pearls are rare and extremely valuable, while cultured pearls are cultivated with human intervention to stimulate pearl formation.

Natural resins refer to plant substances produced by the secretion of plants or specific organisms. These resins are often used in various fields, including the perfume industry, medicine, construction and chemical production.

2. Technical description of products:

*Name: the name under which the product is marketed

*Shape refers to the outline or silhouette of the cut gemstone. Common shapes include round, oval, square (princess), emerald, heart, cushion (cushion/cushion), pear (teardrop) and many others. Each shape has its own aesthetic and can influence how light is reflected and scattered by the stone.

*Color: the color of the product displayed in the shop

*Size: the dimensions of the respective product expressed in millimetres or centimetres

*Weight: the weight of the respective product expressed in carats, grams or kilograms

*Clarity refers to the presence or absence of inclusions, internal fractures, chipping or other defects of the product observed when viewed with the naked eye.

*Processing: a term describing the procedures or processing performed on a natural crystal, resin or any other type of product

*Origin: the place of origin of the product, mineral or substance before or after processing

3. Description of the technical terms of the products:

*Sky Blue: a light blue shade of clear sky colour. The term generally refers to the colour of some topaz stones treated with this hue.

*London Blue: a shade of dark blue that goes towards the indigo tone specific to a certain kind of topaz treated to achieve this colour.

*Glass inlay is a term usually used to describe natural stones to which a treatment has been applied to fill internal cracks and fractures in the crystal in order to improve its appearance, quality and strength.

*Craftsmanship: a description of a way of processing a product without meeting the manufacturing standards of that product.

*Irregular handicraft processing: description of the wrong way of processing a product. the term is used for products with poor-quality processing.

*Asymmetric craftsmanship: description of the sometimes faulty manufacture of a product without respecting generally accepted geometrical rules.

*Inclusions visible to the naked eye: describing defects in a gemstone that can be seen with the naked eye. These defects may include remnants of undissolved mineral substances, gas or liquid bubbles, or internal fractures within the crystal.